Learning About God’s Two Great Covenants
By Moses – A Law Perfectly Suited for a World Passing Away
Learn more about the wisdom, purposes and glory which came by Moses’ covenant and his law. That arrangement was glorious but was not God’s ultimate or final plan for humanity. It left two crucial matters unresolved:
(1) It was not a covenant for all of us as God’s creation. That covenant was specifically with the children of Israel who came out of slavery in Egypt and their descendants (Deut. 5:1-3). As such, that covenant and its law were for only a very tiny fraction of human beings.
(2) It was an arrangement that God designed for the temporary world – a world which is “passing away” (1 John 2:17). As such, Moses’ law had hundreds of provisions dealing with the ongoing problems of sin, punishments for lawbreakers, the fair treatment of slaves, sicknesses, diseases, uncleanness, the touching of dead bodies and many other such things.
While that covenant and its law far exceeded that of any other nation (Deut. 4:8), it was never God’s plan that it would be his everlasting covenant for all humanity. That ultimate and final covenant would come later, through his Messiah.
By Messiah – A Covenant for a Permanent World that will Never End
But Jesus has now obtained a more excellent ministry, in as much as he is the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted upon better promises (Heb. 8:6).
Journey with us “Beyond Moses” and find the exceedingly greater glory in God’s eternal covenant through his Messiah. That covenant brings us to unending life in the age to come. It accomplishes all things for humanity that God’s arrangements through Moses were not intended to accomplish.
Now all humanity can come to peace with God through the Messiah (Rom. 5:1). The call to this covenant with God is not on the basis of nationality or hereditary lines. Rather, it is extended to us with these words, “And let everyone who is thirsty come. Let anyone who wishes, take the water of life freely” (Rev. 22:17).
Likewise, in crystalline contrast to Moses’ law, in the new – permanent world which comes by the Messiah, there is no need for provisions about animal sacrifices for sin. God has determined that his son’s giving of his life in a death for us, now stands as the one sole sacrifice for all people for all time,
When the Messiah had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God… For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified (Heb. 10:12, 14).
In God’s ultimate covenant for unending life with the Messiah, there is no need for provisions of punishments for lawbreakers, there will be no lawbreakers there. There will be no slaves, sicknesses, diseases or uncleanness. There is no need for provisions about touching dead bodies – there will be no dead bodies there, no more death. And even now, the person who is in the Messiah and led by his spirit is “not under” Moses’ law (Gal. 5:18). In the eyes of God, that person is already a new creation and partaker of the life to come,
If anyone is in the Messiah, that person has become a new creation. The old has passed away. Look! Everything has become new (2 Cor. 5:17).
It is the new covenant ratified by the blood of the Messiah himself (Luke 22:20), which is God’s ultimate and final arrangement with all of creation,
May the God of peace, who brought back from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, make you able in every good thing for doing his will… (Heb. 13:20, 21).